Optimization is a routine process in optical design. The often used DLS optimization algorithm is widely used in physics already. However, due to the lack of correlation between variables (common in optics), the algorithm can diverge quickly, with a dead-end result. Therefore the starting values of the variables must be carefully determined before running the optimization.
Tolerancing is a vital stage that comes after the design phase, critical enough to warrant a re-design. It is a statistical evaluation balancing quality, cost and end-user satisfaction. The purpose of tolerancing is to determine the maximum manufacturing errors, for both optical and optomechanical components, that still produce a system with acceptable performance. Here I discuss two tolerancing techniques, Inverse Limit and Sensitivity.
The calibration unit of the ESO SOXS telescope which Incident Angle is developing for FINCA at the time of writing this, operates over a wide spectral range from VIS to NIR. In order to achromatize the collimating lenses, the indices of refraction had to be recalculated.
Previously I have discussed an automated optimization method for designing a fast four lens refrative objective that uses symmetrically manufactured lenses (you can catch up about it from this downloadable pdf). The original development model used glass from Schott, but next I will discuss how it won’t make much difference which glass manufacturer one uses.
Commercial telescopes are more often than not provided with a focal reducer, which enables the customer to use the telescope also for astrophotography. Here I introduce two cases where a second objective unit identical to the primary unit serves as the focal reducer to the first unit which reduces not only focal length but also design and manufacturing costs.